Myofunctional therapy is a course of treatment, which corrects the patients’ face and oral muscle functions. It has an affect on the person’s occlusion, posture, breathing, speech and general well-being, it is also effective in the treatment of sleep apnea.
Myofunctional treatment is especially important, in case of:
- bad oral habits – sucking thumbs, lips or cheeks, chewing nails, gnashing of teeth, long-term pacifier usage etc
- after the removal of adenoids and tonsils, the child does not breath through the nose, but nose or mixed breathing is occurrent
- habitual mouth breathing
- winces during swallowing and/or the tongue is pushed between the teeth or on the side
- increased salivation
- the release of lingual frenulum (before and after surgery).
- the occurrence of snoring when sleeping.
- the occurrence of pain or crepitation in temporomandibular joints.
Therapy helps to preserve correct occlusion, which is achieved by correcting the tongue’s resting position and swallowing pattern. Myofunctional therapy is especially important in case of children in the ages 0 – 7, in order to prevent occlucion anomalies.
Retraining wrong habits is not easy and therefore, the functioning and success of myofunctional therapy is dependent on constant practice at home. In addition, therapy requires motivation and joint effort from the patient and their families.
Myofunctional therapy is carried out in cooperation with other specialists:
Otorhinolaryngologists – after tonsil and adenoid surgeries, when the breating pathways are free, but the child is breathing through the mouth by habit, it is important to reteach the child to breathe through the nose.
Somnologists- to carry out the treatment of children and adults with sleep apnea more efficiently.
Orthodontists – after the extentions of the line of occlusion have been put into place, in order to correct the wrong position of the tongue when swallowing or in resting position. Before and after lingual frelunum surgery to restore tongue functions. Also, orthodontists direct patients to myofunctional therapy in case of weak facial and mastication muscles and children who keep their mouths open.